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Jacobite supporters displayed pictures of both Cavalier and Jacobite heroes in their homes.

Glencoe Literature: Course 5

Scotland[ edit ] In lowland Scotland, the Catholics tended to come from the gentry and formed the most ideologically committed supporters, drawing on almost two centuries of subterfuge as a minority persecuted by the state and rallying enthusiastically to Jacobite armies as well as glencoe literature course 5 financial support to the court in exile.

The Episcopalians were also described as Nonjurors. As Protestants they could glencoe literature course 5 part in Scottish politics, but were in a minority and were repeatedly discriminated against in legislation favouring the established Church of Scotland.

The clergy could even be imprisoned, as occurred in the Stonehaven Tolbooth after three clergymen held services at the chapel at Muchalls Castle. However, many Episcopalians were quiet about any Jacobite sympathies and were able to accommodate themselves to the new regime.

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About half of the Episcopalians supporting the Jacobite cause came from the Lowlands, glencoe literature course 5 this was obscured in the risings by their tendency to wear Highland dress as a type of Jacobite uniform. To the Gaelic -speaking Scottish Highland clans, to whom the supporters glencoe literature course 5 Jacobitism were known as Seumasaichthe conflict was more about inter-clan politics than about religion, and a significant factor was resistance to the territorial ambitions of the Presbyterian Campbells of Argyll.

There was a precedent for post Jacobitism during the period of the Wars of the Three Kingdomswhen clans from the western Highlands had fought for James's father Charles I against the Campbells and the Covenanters.

Whereas previous monarchs since the late 16th century had been antagonistic to the Gaelic Highland way of life, James had worked sympathetically with the clan chieftains in the Commission for Pacifying the Highlands.


Some Highland chieftains glencoe literature course 5 viewed Jacobitism as a means of glencoe literature course 5 hostile government intrusion into their territories.

The significance of their support for the Stuarts was that the Highlands was the only part of Britain which still maintained private armies, in the form of clan levies.

During the Jacobite risingsthey provided the bulk of Jacobite manpower. Opportunists and adventurers[ edit ] Another source of Jacobite support came from those dissatisfied with political developments.

Some Whigsmost obviously the Earl of Marreacted to political disappointments by joining the Jacobites, but while others were courted from onwards and indicated support, mostly this was just reinsurance in case the Jacobites came out on top.

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The Tories were a more likely source of support given their commitment to church and king, but many were reluctant to trust the Church of England to a Catholic king. At times such as — when the Hanoverians appeared to be glencoe literature course 5 Anglican dominance and — when Whig dealings denied the Tories a parliamentary victory they would coalesce and turn to the Jacobites, but they were reluctant when it came to serious action.

Nevertheless, this gave hopes that large numbers of Tories would support a Jacobite rising with a serious prospect of winning, particularly when helped by foreign intervention. The rise and fall of the earlier Tory alliance with the Jacobites forms a major part glencoe literature course 5 the background for Sir Walter Scott 's Bride of Lammermoor.

Although small in number and varying from unemployed weavers looking for excitement to impoverished gentry like William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock who served Charles as a colonel and became a general after the Battle of Falkirkthey contributed significantly to the daring that brought the Jacobites a prospect of success in their campaigns.

glencoe literature course 5

Glencoe Literature, Course 5 (Hardcover)

However, other such mercenaries often became spies and informers. A number of pirates were among the opportunists who flocked to the Jacobite banner.

The divine glencoe literature course 5 of kings glencoe literature course 5, the "accountability of Kings to God alone", inalienable hereditary right, and the "unequivocal scriptural injunction of non-resistance and passive obedience", [31] though these positions were not unique to the Jacobites.

What distinguished Jacobites from Whigs was their adherence to 'right' as the basis for the law, whereas the Whigs held to the idea of 'possession' as the basis of the law.

However, such distinctions became less clear over time, with an increase in the use of contract theory by some Jacobite writers during the reign of George I.

The majority of Irish people supported James II due to his Declaration of Indulgence or, as it is also known, The Declaration for the Liberty glencoe literature course 5 Conscience, which granted religious freedom to all denominations in England glencoe literature course 5 Scotland, and also due to James II's promise to the Irish Parliament of an eventual right to self-determination.

More widely, commoners developed communities in areas where they could fraternise in Jacobite alehouses, inns and taverns, singing seditious songs, collecting for the cause and on occasion being recruited for risings.

At government attempts to close such places they simply transferred to another venue.

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